OSPF

OSPF is a routing protocol for Internet Protocol (IP) networks. It uses a link state routing (LSR) algorithm and falls into the group of interior gateway protocols (IGPs), operating within a single autonomous system (AS). It is defined as OSPF Version 2 in RFC 2328 (1998) for IPv4. Updates for IPv6 are specified as OSPF Version 3 in RFC 5340 (2008). OSPF supports the CIDR addressing model.

OSPF is a widely used IGP in large enterprise networks.

OSPFv2 (IPv4)

Configuration

General

VyOS does not have a special command to start the OSPF process. The OSPF process starts when the first ospf enabled interface is configured.

set protocols ospf area <number> network <A.B.C.D/M>

This command specifies the OSPF enabled interface(s). If the interface has an address from defined range then the command enables OSPF on this interface so router can provide network information to the other ospf routers via this interface.

This command is also used to enable the OSPF process. The area number can be specified in decimal notation in the range from 0 to 4294967295. Or it can be specified in dotted decimal notation similar to ip address.

set protocols ospf auto-cost reference-bandwidth <number>
This command sets the reference bandwidth for cost calculations, where bandwidth can be in range from 1 to 4294967, specified in Mbits/s. The default is 100Mbit/s (i.e. a link of bandwidth 100Mbit/s or higher will have a cost of 1. Cost of lower bandwidth links will be scaled with reference to this cost).
set protocols ospf parameters router-id <rid>
This command sets the router-ID of the OSPF process. The router-ID may be an IP address of the router, but need not be – it can be any arbitrary 32bit number. However it MUST be unique within the entire OSPF domain to the OSPF speaker – bad things will happen if multiple OSPF speakers are configured with the same router-ID!

Optional

set protocols ospf default-information originate [always] [metric <number>] [metric-type <1|2>] [route-map <name>]
Originate an AS-External (type-5) LSA describing a default route into all external-routing capable areas, of the specified metric and metric type. If the always keyword is given then the default is always advertised, even when there is no default present in the routing table. The argument route-map specifies to advertise the default route if the route map is satisfied.
set protocols ospf distance global <distance>
This command change distance value of OSPF globally. The distance range is 1 to 255.
set protocols ospf distance ospf <external|inter-area|intra-area> <distance>

This command change distance value of OSPF. The arguments are the distance values for external routes, inter-area routes and intra-area routes respectively. The distance range is 1 to 255.

Note

Routes with a distance of 255 are effectively disabled and not installed into the kernel.

set protocols ospf log-adjacency-changes [detail]
This command allows to log changes in adjacency. With the optional detail argument, all changes in adjacency status are shown. Without detail, only changes to full or regressions are shown.
set protocols ospf max-metric router-lsa <administrative|on-shutdown <seconds>|on-startup <seconds>>

This enables RFC 3137 support, where the OSPF process describes its transit links in its router-LSA as having infinite distance so that other routers will avoid calculating transit paths through the router while still being able to reach networks through the router.

This support may be enabled administratively (and indefinitely) with the administrative command. It may also be enabled conditionally. Conditional enabling of max-metric router-lsas can be for a period of seconds after startup with the on-startup <seconds> command and/or for a period of seconds prior to shutdown with the on-shutdown <seconds> command. The time range is 5 to 86400.

set protocols ospf parameters abr-type <cisco|ibm|shortcut|standard>

This command selects ABR model. OSPF router supports four ABR models:

cisco – a router will be considered as ABR if it has several configured links to the networks in different areas one of which is a backbone area. Moreover, the link to the backbone area should be active (working). ibm – identical to “cisco” model but in this case a backbone area link may not be active. standard – router has several active links to different areas. shortcut – identical to “standard” but in this model a router is allowed to use a connected areas topology without involving a backbone area for inter-area connections.

Detailed information about “cisco” and “ibm” models differences can be found in RFC 3509. A “shortcut” model allows ABR to create routes between areas based on the topology of the areas connected to this router but not using a backbone area in case if non-backbone route will be cheaper. For more information about “shortcut” model, see ospf-shortcut-abr-02.txt

set protocols ospf parameters rfc1583-compatibility

RFC 2328, the successor to RFC 1583, suggests according to section G.2 (changes) in section 16.4.1 a change to the path preference algorithm that prevents possible routing loops that were possible in the old version of OSPFv2. More specifically it demands that inter-area paths and intra-area backbone path are now of equal preference but still both preferred to external paths.

This command should NOT be set normally.

set protocols ospf passive-interface <interface>
This command specifies interface as passive. Passive interface advertises its address, but does not run the OSPF protocol (adjacencies are not formed and hello packets are not generated).
set protocols ospf passive-interface default
This command specifies all interfaces as passive by default. Because this command changes the configuration logic to a default passive; therefore, interfaces where router adjacencies are expected need to be configured with the passive-interface-exclude command.
set protocols ospf passive-interface-exclude <interface>
This command allows exclude interface from passive state. This command is used if the command passive-interface default was configured.
set protocols ospf refresh timers <seconds>
The router automatically updates link-state information with its neighbors. Only an obsolete information is updated which age has exceeded a specific threshold. This parameter changes a threshold value, which by default is 1800 seconds (half an hour). The value is applied to the whole OSPF router. The timer range is 10 to 1800.
set protocols ospf timers throttle spf <delay|initial-holdtime|max-holdtime> <seconds>
This command sets the initial delay, the initial-holdtime and the maximum-holdtime between when SPF is calculated and the event which triggered the calculation. The times are specified in milliseconds and must be in the range of 0 to 600000 milliseconds. delay sets the initial SPF schedule delay in milliseconds. The default value is 200 ms. initial-holdtime sets the minimum hold time between two consecutive SPF calculations. The default value is 1000 ms. max-holdtime sets the maximum wait time between two consecutive SPF calculations. The default value is 10000 ms.

Area Configuration

set protocols ospf area <number> area-type stub
This command specifies the area to be a Stub Area. That is, an area where no router originates routes external to OSPF and hence an area where all external routes are via the ABR(s). Hence, ABRs for such an area do not need to pass AS-External LSAs (type-5) or ASBR-Summary LSAs (type-4) into the area. They need only pass Network-Summary (type-3) LSAs into such an area, along with a default-route summary.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type stub no-summary
This command specifies the area to be a Totally Stub Area. In addition to stub area limitations this area type prevents an ABR from injecting Network-Summary (type-3) LSAs into the specified stub area. Only default summary route is allowed.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type stub default-cost <number>
This command sets the cost of default-summary LSAs announced to stubby areas. The cost range is 0 to 16777215.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type nssa
This command specifies the area to be a Not So Stubby Area. External routing information is imported into an NSSA in Type-7 LSAs. Type-7 LSAs are similar to Type-5 AS-external LSAs, except that they can only be flooded into the NSSA. In order to further propagate the NSSA external information, the Type-7 LSA must be translated to a Type-5 AS-external-LSA by the NSSA ABR.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type nssa no-summary
This command specifies the area to be a NSSA Totally Stub Area. ABRs for such an area do not need to pass Network-Summary (type-3) LSAs (except the default summary route), ASBR-Summary LSAs (type-4) and AS-External LSAs (type-5) into the area. But Type-7 LSAs that convert to Type-5 at the NSSA ABR are allowed.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type nssa default-cost <number>
This command sets the default cost of LSAs announced to NSSA areas. The cost range is 0 to 16777215.
set protocols ospf area <number> area-type nssa translate <always|candidate|never>
Specifies whether this NSSA border router will unconditionally translate Type-7 LSAs into Type-5 LSAs. When role is Always, Type-7 LSAs are translated into Type-5 LSAs regardless of the translator state of other NSSA border routers. When role is Candidate, this router participates in the translator election to determine if it will perform the translations duties. When role is Never, this router will never translate Type-7 LSAs into Type-5 LSAs.
set protocols ospf area <number> authentication plaintext-password
This command specifies that simple password authentication should be used for the given area. The password must also be configured on a per-interface basis.
set protocols ospf area <number> authentication md5
This command specify that OSPF packets must be authenticated with MD5 HMACs within the given area. Keying material must also be configured on a per-interface basis.
set protocols ospf area <number> range <A.B.C.D/M> [cost <number>]
This command summarizes intra area paths from specified area into one summary-LSA (Type-3) announced to other areas. This command can be used only in ABR and ONLY router-LSAs (Type-1) and network-LSAs (Type-2) (i.e. LSAs with scope area) can be summarized. AS-external-LSAs (Type-5) can’t be summarized - their scope is AS. The optional argument cost specifies the aggregated link metric. The metric range is 0 to 16777215.
set protocols ospf area <number> range <A.B.C.D/M> not-advertise
This command instead of summarizing intra area paths filter them - i.e. intra area paths from this range are not advertised into other areas. This command makes sense in ABR only.
set protocols ospf area <number> range <A.B.C.D/M> substitute <E.F.G.H/M>
One Type-3 summary-LSA with routing info <E.F.G.H/M> is announced into backbone area if defined area contains at least one intra-area network (i.e. described with router-LSA or network-LSA) from range <A.B.C.D/M>. This command makes sense in ABR only.
set protocols ospf area <number> shortcut <default|disable|enable>

This parameter allows to “shortcut” routes (non-backbone) for inter-area routes. There are three modes available for routes shortcutting:

default – this area will be used for shortcutting only if ABR does not have a link to the backbone area or this link was lost. enable – the area will be used for shortcutting every time the route that goes through it is cheaper. disable – this area is never used by ABR for routes shortcutting.

set protocols ospf area <number> virtual-link <A.B.C.D>

Provides a backbone area coherence by virtual link establishment.

In general, OSPF protocol requires a backbone area (area 0) to be coherent and fully connected. I.e. any backbone area router must have a route to any other backbone area router. Moreover, every ABR must have a link to backbone area. However, it is not always possible to have a physical link to a backbone area. In this case between two ABR (one of them has a link to the backbone area) in the area (not stub area) a virtual link is organized.

<number> – area identifier through which a virtual link goes. <A.B.C.D> – ABR router-id with which a virtual link is established. Virtual link must be configured on both routers.

Formally, a virtual link looks like a point-to-point network connecting two ABR from one area one of which physically connected to a backbone area. This pseudo-network is considered to belong to a backbone area.

Interface Configuration

set protocols ospf interface <interface> authentication plaintext-password <text>

This command sets OSPF authentication key to a simple password. After setting, all OSPF packets are authenticated. Key has length up to 8 chars.

Simple text password authentication is insecure and deprecated in favour of MD5 HMAC authentication.

set protocols ospf interface <interface> authentication md5 key-id <id> md5-key <text>
This command specifys that MD5 HMAC authentication must be used on this interface. It sets OSPF authentication key to a cryptographic password. Key-id identifies secret key used to create the message digest. This ID is part of the protocol and must be consistent across routers on a link. The key can be long up to 16 chars (larger strings will be truncated), and is associated with the given key-id.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> bandwidth <number>
This command sets the interface bandwidth for cost calculations, where bandwidth can be in range from 1 to 100000, specified in Mbits/s.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> cost <number>
This command sets link cost for the specified interface. The cost value is set to router-LSA’s metric field and used for SPF calculation. The cost range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> dead-interval <number>
Set number of seconds for router Dead Interval timer value used for Wait Timer and Inactivity Timer. This value must be the same for all routers attached to a common network. The default value is 40 seconds. The interval range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> hello-multiplier <number>
The hello-multiplier specifies how many Hellos to send per second, from 1 (every second) to 10 (every 100ms). Thus one can have 1s convergence time for OSPF. If this form is specified, then the hello-interval advertised in Hello packets is set to 0 and the hello-interval on received Hello packets is not checked, thus the hello-multiplier need NOT be the same across multiple routers on a common link.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> hello-interval <number>
Set number of seconds for Hello Interval timer value. Setting this value, Hello packet will be sent every timer value seconds on the specified interface. This value must be the same for all routers attached to a common network. The default value is 10 seconds. The interval range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> bfd
This command enables BFD on this OSPF link interface.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> mtu-ignore
This command disables check of the MTU value in the OSPF DBD packets. Thus, use of this command allows the OSPF adjacency to reach the FULL state even though there is an interface MTU mismatch between two OSPF routers.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> network <type>

This command allows to specify the distribution type for the network connected to this interface:

broadcast – broadcast IP addresses distribution. non-broadcast – address distribution in NBMA networks topology. point-to-multipoint – address distribution in point-to-multipoint networks. point-to-point – address distribution in point-to-point networks.

set protocols ospf interface <interface> priority <number>
This command sets Router Priority integer value. The router with the highest priority will be more eligible to become Designated Router. Setting the value to 0, makes the router ineligible to become Designated Router. The default value is 1. The interval range is 0 to 255.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> retransmit-interval <number>
This command sets number of seconds for RxmtInterval timer value. This value is used when retransmitting Database Description and Link State Request packets if acknowledge was not received. The default value is 5 seconds. The interval range is 3 to 65535.
set protocols ospf interface <interface> transmit-delay <number>
This command sets number of seconds for InfTransDelay value. It allows to set and adjust for each interface the delay interval before starting the synchronizing process of the router’s database with all neighbors. The default value is 1 seconds. The interval range is 3 to 65535.

Manual Neighbor Configuration

OSPF routing devices normally discover their neighbors dynamically by listening to the broadcast or multicast hello packets on the network. Because an NBMA network does not support broadcast (or multicast), the device cannot discover its neighbors dynamically, so you must configure all the neighbors statically.

set protocols ospf neighbor <A.B.C.D>
This command specifies the IP address of the neighboring device.
set protocols ospf neighbor <A.B.C.D> poll-interval <seconds>
This command specifies the length of time, in seconds, before the routing device sends hello packets out of the interface before it establishes adjacency with a neighbor. The range is 1 to 65535 seconds. The default value is 60 seconds.
set protocols ospf neighbor <A.B.C.D> priority <number>
This command specifies the router priority value of the nonbroadcast neighbor associated with the IP address specified. The default is 0. This keyword does not apply to point-to-multipoint interfaces.

Redistribution Configuration

set protocols ospf redistribute <route source>
This command redistributes routing information from the given route source to the OSPF process. There are five modes available for route source: bgp, connected, kernel, rip, static.
set protocols ospf default-metric <number>
This command specifies the default metric value of redistributed routes. The metric range is 0 to 16777214.
set protocols ospf redistribute <route source> metric <number>
This command specifies metric for redistributed routes from the given route source. There are five modes available for route source: bgp, connected, kernel, rip, static. The metric range is 1 to 16777214.
set protocols ospf redistribute <route source> metric-type <1|2>
This command specifies metric type for redistributed routes. Difference between two metric types that metric type 1 is a metric which is “commensurable” with inner OSPF links. When calculating a metric to the external destination, the full path metric is calculated as a metric sum path of a router which had advertised this link plus the link metric. Thus, a route with the least summary metric will be selected. If external link is advertised with metric type 2 the path is selected which lies through the router which advertised this link with the least metric despite of the fact that internal path to this router is longer (with more cost). However, if two routers advertised an external link and with metric type 2 the preference is given to the path which lies through the router with a shorter internal path. If two different routers advertised two links to the same external destimation but with different metric type, metric type 1 is preferred. If type of a metric left undefined the router will consider these external links to have a default metric type 2.
set protocols ospf redistribute <route source> route-map <name>
This command allows to use route map to filter redistributed routes from the given route source. There are five modes available for route source: bgp, connected, kernel, rip, static.

Operational Mode Commands

show ip ospf neighbor
This command displays the neighbors status.
Neighbor ID     Pri State           Dead Time Address         Interface                        RXmtL RqstL DBsmL
10.0.13.1         1 Full/DR           38.365s 10.0.13.1       eth0:10.0.13.3                       0     0     0
10.0.23.2         1 Full/Backup       39.175s 10.0.23.2       eth1:10.0.23.3                       0     0     0
show ip ospf neighbor detail
This command displays the neighbors information in a detailed form, not just a summary table.
 Neighbor 10.0.13.1, interface address 10.0.13.1
    In the area 0.0.0.0 via interface eth0
    Neighbor priority is 1, State is Full, 5 state changes
    Most recent state change statistics:
      Progressive change 11m55s ago
    DR is 10.0.13.1, BDR is 10.0.13.3
    Options 2 *|-|-|-|-|-|E|-
    Dead timer due in 34.854s
    Database Summary List 0
    Link State Request List 0
    Link State Retransmission List 0
    Thread Inactivity Timer on
    Thread Database Description Retransmision off
    Thread Link State Request Retransmission on
    Thread Link State Update Retransmission on

Neighbor 10.0.23.2, interface address 10.0.23.2
   In the area 0.0.0.1 via interface eth1
   Neighbor priority is 1, State is Full, 4 state changes
   Most recent state change statistics:
     Progressive change 41.193s ago
   DR is 10.0.23.3, BDR is 10.0.23.2
   Options 2 *|-|-|-|-|-|E|-
   Dead timer due in 35.661s
   Database Summary List 0
   Link State Request List 0
   Link State Retransmission List 0
   Thread Inactivity Timer on
   Thread Database Description Retransmision off
   Thread Link State Request Retransmission on
   Thread Link State Update Retransmission on
show ip ospf neighbor <A.B.C.D>
This command displays the neighbors information in a detailed form for a neighbor whose IP address is specified.
show ip ospf neighbor <intname>
This command displays the neighbors status for a neighbor on the specified interface.
show ip ospf interface [<intname>]
This command displays state and configuration of OSPF the specified interface, or all interfaces if no interface is given.
eth0 is up
  ifindex 2, MTU 1500 bytes, BW 4294967295 Mbit <UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>
  Internet Address 10.0.13.3/24, Broadcast 10.0.13.255, Area 0.0.0.0
  MTU mismatch detection: enabled
  Router ID 10.0.23.3, Network Type BROADCAST, Cost: 1
  Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State Backup, Priority 1
  Backup Designated Router (ID) 10.0.23.3, Interface Address 10.0.13.3
  Multicast group memberships: OSPFAllRouters OSPFDesignatedRouters
  Timer intervals configured, Hello 10s, Dead 40s, Wait 40s, Retransmit 5
    Hello due in 4.470s
  Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
eth1 is up
  ifindex 3, MTU 1500 bytes, BW 4294967295 Mbit <UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>
  Internet Address 10.0.23.3/24, Broadcast 10.0.23.255, Area 0.0.0.1
  MTU mismatch detection: enabled
  Router ID 10.0.23.3, Network Type BROADCAST, Cost: 1
  Transmit Delay is 1 sec, State DR, Priority 1
  Backup Designated Router (ID) 10.0.23.2, Interface Address 10.0.23.2
  Saved Network-LSA sequence number 0x80000002
  Multicast group memberships: OSPFAllRouters OSPFDesignatedRouters
  Timer intervals configured, Hello 10s, Dead 40s, Wait 40s, Retransmit 5
    Hello due in 4.563s
  Neighbor Count is 1, Adjacent neighbor count is 1
show ip ospf route
This command displays the OSPF routing table, as determined by the most recent SPF calculation.
============ OSPF network routing table ============
N IA 10.0.12.0/24          [3] area: 0.0.0.0
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0
N    10.0.13.0/24          [1] area: 0.0.0.0
                           directly attached to eth0
N IA 10.0.23.0/24          [2] area: 0.0.0.0
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0
N    10.0.34.0/24          [2] area: 0.0.0.0
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0

============ OSPF router routing table =============
R    10.0.23.3             [1] area: 0.0.0.0, ABR
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0
R    10.0.34.4             [2] area: 0.0.0.0, ASBR
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0

============ OSPF external routing table ===========
N E2 172.16.0.0/24         [2/20] tag: 0
                           via 10.0.13.3, eth0

The table consists of following data:

OSPF network routing table – includes a list of acquired routes for all accessible networks (or aggregated area ranges) of OSPF system. “IA” flag means that route destination is in the area to which the router is not connected, i.e. it’s an inter-area path. In square brackets a summary metric for all links through which a path lies to this network is specified. “via” prefix defines a router-gateway, i.e. the first router on the way to the destination (next hop). OSPF router routing table – includes a list of acquired routes to all accessible ABRs and ASBRs. OSPF external routing table – includes a list of acquired routes that are external to the OSPF process. “E” flag points to the external link metric type (E1 – metric type 1, E2 – metric type 2). External link metric is printed in the “<metric of the router which advertised the link>/<link metric>” format.

show ip ospf border-routers
This command displays a table of paths to area boundary and autonomous system boundary routers.
show ip ospf database
This command displays a summary table with a database contents (LSA).
       OSPF Router with ID (10.0.13.1)

                Router Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age  Seq#       CkSum  Link count
10.0.13.1       10.0.13.1        984 0x80000005 0xd915 1
10.0.23.3       10.0.23.3       1186 0x80000008 0xfe62 2
10.0.34.4       10.0.34.4       1063 0x80000004 0x4e3f 1

                Net Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age  Seq#       CkSum
10.0.13.1       10.0.13.1        994 0x80000003 0x30bb
10.0.34.4       10.0.34.4       1188 0x80000001 0x9411

                Summary Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)

Link ID         ADV Router      Age  Seq#       CkSum  Route
10.0.12.0       10.0.23.3       1608 0x80000001 0x6ab6 10.0.12.0/24
10.0.23.0       10.0.23.3        981 0x80000003 0xe232 10.0.23.0/24

                AS External Link States

Link ID         ADV Router      Age  Seq#       CkSum  Route
172.16.0.0      10.0.34.4       1063 0x80000001 0xc40d E2 172.16.0.0/24 [0x0]
show ip ospf database <type> [A.B.C.D] [adv-router <A.B.C.D>|self-originate]

This command displays a database contents for a specific link advertisement type.

The type can be the following: asbr-summary, external, network, nssa-external, opaque-area, opaque-as, opaque-link, router, summary.

[A.B.C.D] – link-state-id. With this specified the command displays portion of the network environment that is being described by the advertisement. The value entered depends on the advertisement’s LS type. It must be entered in the form of an IP address.

adv-router <A.B.C.D> – router id, which link advertisements need to be reviewed.

self-originate displays only self-originated LSAs from the local router.

        OSPF Router with ID (10.0.13.1)

              Router Link States (Area 0.0.0.0)

LS age: 1213
Options: 0x2  : *|-|-|-|-|-|E|-
LS Flags: 0x3
Flags: 0x0
LS Type: router-LSA
Link State ID: 10.0.13.1
Advertising Router: 10.0.13.1
LS Seq Number: 80000009
Checksum: 0xd119
Length: 36

 Number of Links: 1

  Link connected to: a Transit Network
   (Link ID) Designated Router address: 10.0.13.1
   (Link Data) Router Interface address: 10.0.13.1
   Number of TOS metrics: 0
     TOS 0 Metric: 1
show ip ospf database max-age
This command displays LSAs in MaxAge list.

Configuration Example

Below you can see a typical configuration using 2 nodes, redistribute loopback address and the node 1 sending the default route:

Node 1

set interfaces loopback lo address 10.1.1.1/32
set protocols ospf area 0 network 192.168.0.0/24
set protocols ospf default-information originate always
set protocols ospf default-information originate metric 10
set protocols ospf default-information originate metric-type 2
set protocols ospf log-adjacency-changes
set protocols ospf parameters router-id 10.1.1.1
set protocols ospf redistribute connected metric-type 2
set protocols ospf redistribute connected route-map CONNECT

set policy route-map CONNECT rule 10 action permit
set policy route-map CONNECT rule 10 match interface lo

Node 2

set interfaces loopback lo address 10.2.2.2/32
set protocols ospf area 0 network 192.168.0.0/24
set protocols ospf log-adjacency-changes
set protocols ospf parameters router-id 10.2.2.2
set protocols ospf redistribute connected metric-type 2
set protocols ospf redistribute connected route-map CONNECT

set policy route-map CONNECT rule 10 action permit
set policy route-map CONNECT rule 10 match interface lo

OSPFv3 (IPv6)

Configuration

General

VyOS does not have a special command to start the OSPFv3 process. The OSPFv3 process starts when the first ospf enabled interface is configured.

set protocols ospfv3 area <number> interface <interface>
This command specifies the OSPFv3 enabled interface. This command is also used to enable the OSPF process. The area number can be specified in decimal notation in the range from 0 to 4294967295. Or it can be specified in dotted decimal notation similar to ip address.
set protocols ospfv3 parameters router-id <rid>
This command sets the router-ID of the OSPFv3 process. The router-ID may be an IP address of the router, but need not be – it can be any arbitrary 32bit number. However it MUST be unique within the entire OSPFv3 domain to the OSPFv3 speaker – bad things will happen if multiple OSPFv3 speakers are configured with the same router-ID!

Optional

set protocols ospfv3 distance global <distance>
This command change distance value of OSPFv3 globally. The distance range is 1 to 255.
set protocols ospfv3 distance ospfv3 <external|inter-area|intra-area> <distance>
This command change distance value of OSPFv3. The arguments are the distance values for external routes, inter-area routes and intra-area routes respectively. The distance range is 1 to 255.

Area Configuration

set protocols ospfv3 area <number> range <prefix>
This command summarizes intra area paths from specified area into one Type-3 Inter-Area Prefix LSA announced to other areas. This command can be used only in ABR.
set protocols ospfv3 area <number> range <prefix> not-advertise
This command instead of summarizing intra area paths filter them - i.e. intra area paths from this range are not advertised into other areas. This command makes sense in ABR only.

Interface Configuration

set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> ipv6 cost <number>
This command sets link cost for the specified interface. The cost value is set to router-LSA’s metric field and used for SPF calculation. The cost range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> dead-interval <number>
Set number of seconds for router Dead Interval timer value used for Wait Timer and Inactivity Timer. This value must be the same for all routers attached to a common network. The default value is 40 seconds. The interval range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> hello-interval <number>
Set number of seconds for Hello Interval timer value. Setting this value, Hello packet will be sent every timer value seconds on the specified interface. This value must be the same for all routers attached to a common network. The default value is 10 seconds. The interval range is 1 to 65535.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> mtu-ignore
This command disables check of the MTU value in the OSPF DBD packets. Thus, use of this command allows the OSPF adjacency to reach the FULL state even though there is an interface MTU mismatch between two OSPF routers.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> network <type>

This command allows to specify the distribution type for the network connected to this interface:

broadcast – broadcast IP addresses distribution. point-to-point – address distribution in point-to-point networks.

set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> priority <number>
This command sets Router Priority integer value. The router with the highest priority will be more eligible to become Designated Router. Setting the value to 0, makes the router ineligible to become Designated Router. The default value is 1. The interval range is 0 to 255.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> passive
This command specifies interface as passive. Passive interface advertises its address, but does not run the OSPF protocol (adjacencies are not formed and hello packets are not generated).
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> retransmit-interval <number>
This command sets number of seconds for RxmtInterval timer value. This value is used when retransmitting Database Description and Link State Request packets if acknowledge was not received. The default value is 5 seconds. The interval range is 3 to 65535.
set protocols ospfv3 interface <intname> transmit-delay <number>
This command sets number of seconds for InfTransDelay value. It allows to set and adjust for each interface the delay interval before starting the synchronizing process of the router’s database with all neighbors. The default value is 1 seconds. The interval range is 3 to 65535.

Redistribution Configuration

set protocols ospfv3 redistribute <route source>
This command redistributes routing information from the given route source to the OSPFv3 process. There are five modes available for route source: bgp, connected, kernel, ripng, static.
set protocols ospf redistribute <route source> route-map <name>
This command allows to use route map to filter redistributed routes from given route source. There are five modes available for route source: bgp, connected, kernel, ripng, static.

Operational Mode Commands

show ipv6 ospfv3 neighbor
This command displays the neighbors status.
show ipv6 ospfv3 neighbor detail
This command displays the neighbors information in a detailed form, not just a summary table.
show ipv6 ospfv3 neighbor drchoice
This command displays the neighbor DR choice information.
show ipv6 ospfv3 interface [prefix]|[<intname> [prefix]]
This command displays state and configuration of OSPF the specified interface, or all interfaces if no interface is given. Whith the argument prefix this command shows connected prefixes to advertise.
show ipv6 ospfv3 route
This command displays the OSPF routing table, as determined by the most recent SPF calculation.
show ipv6 ospfv3 border-routers
This command displays a table of paths to area boundary and autonomous system boundary routers.
show ipv6 ospfv3 database
This command displays a summary table with a database contents (LSA).
show ipv6 ospfv3 database <type> [A.B.C.D] [adv-router <A.B.C.D>|self-originate]
This command displays a database contents for a specific link advertisement type.
show ipv6 ospfv3 redistribute
This command displays external information redistributed into OSPFv3

Configuration Example

A typical configuration using 2 nodes.

Node 1:

set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface eth1
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 range 2001:db8:1::/64
set protocols ospfv3 parameters router-id 192.168.1.1
set protocols ospfv3 redistribute connected

Node 2:

set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface eth1
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 range 2001:db8:2::/64
set protocols ospfv3 parameters router-id 192.168.2.1
set protocols ospfv3 redistribute connected

To see the redistributed routes:

show ipv6 ospfv3 redistribute

Note

You cannot easily redistribute IPv6 routes via OSPFv3 on a WireGuard interface link. This requires you to configure link-local addresses manually on the WireGuard interfaces, see T1483.

Example configuration for WireGuard interfaces:

Node 1

set interfaces wireguard wg01 address 'fe80::216:3eff:fe51:fd8c/64'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 address '192.168.0.1/24'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf02 allowed-ips '::/0'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf02 allowed-ips '0.0.0.0/0'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf02 endpoint '10.1.1.101:12345'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf02 pubkey 'ie3...='
set interfaces wireguard wg01 port '12345'
set protocols ospfv3 parameters router-id 192.168.1.1
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface 'wg01'
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface 'lo'

Node 2

set interfaces wireguard wg01 address 'fe80::216:3eff:fe0a:7ada/64'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 address '192.168.0.2/24'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf01 allowed-ips '::/0'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf01 allowed-ips '0.0.0.0/0'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf01 endpoint '10.1.1.100:12345'
set interfaces wireguard wg01 peer ospf01 pubkey 'NHI...='
set interfaces wireguard wg01 port '12345'
set protocols ospfv3 parameters router-id 192.168.1.2
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface 'wg01'
set protocols ospfv3 area 0.0.0.0 interface 'lo'

Status

vyos@ospf01:~$ sh ipv6 ospfv3 neighbor
Neighbor ID     Pri    DeadTime    State/IfState         Duration I/F[State]
192.168.0.2       1    00:00:37     Full/PointToPoint    00:18:03 wg01[PointToPoint]

vyos@ospf02# run sh ipv6 ospfv3 neighbor
Neighbor ID     Pri    DeadTime    State/IfState         Duration I/F[State]
192.168.0.1       1    00:00:39     Full/PointToPoint    00:19:44 wg01[PointToPoint]