Static

Static routes are manually configured routes, which, in general, cannot be updated dynamically from information VyOS learns about the network topology from other routing protocols. However, if a link fails, the router will remove routes, including static routes, from the RIPB that used this interface to reach the next hop. In general, static routes should only be used for very simple network topologies, or to override the behavior of a dynamic routing protocol for a small number of routes. The collection of all routes the router has learned from its configuration or from its dynamic routing protocols is stored in the RIB. Unicast routes are directly used to determine the forwarding table used for unicast packet forwarding.

Static Routes

set protocols static route <subnet> next-hop <address>
Configure next-hop <address> for an IPv4 static route. Multiple static routes can be created.
set protocols static route <subnet> next-hop <address> disable
Disable this IPv4 static route entry.
set protocols static route <subnet> next-hop <address> distance <distance>

Defines next-hop distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.

Range is 1 to 255, default is 1.

set protocols static route6 <subnet> next-hop <address>
Configure next-hop <address> for an IPv6 static route. Multiple static routes can be created.
set protocols static route6 <subnet> next-hop <address> disable
Disable this IPv6 static route entry.
set protocols static route6 <subnet> next-hop <address> distance <distance>

Defines next-hop distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.

Range is 1 to 255, default is 1.

Note

Routes with a distance of 255 are effectively disabled and not installed into the kernel.

Interface Routes

set protocols static interface-route <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface>
Allows you to configure the next-hop interface for an interface-based IPv4 static route. <interface> will be the next-hop interface where trafic is routed for the given <subnet>.
set protocols static interface-route <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface> disable
Disables interface-based IPv4 static route.
set protocols static interface-route <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface> distance <distance>

Defines next-hop distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.

Range is 1 to 255, default is 1.

set protocols static interface-route6 <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface>
Allows you to configure the next-hop interface for an interface-based IPv6 static route. <interface> will be the next-hop interface where trafic is routed for the given <subnet>.
set protocols static interface-route6 <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface> disable
Disables interface-based IPv6 static route.
set protocols static interface-route6 <subnet> next-hop-interface <interface> distance <distance>

Defines next-hop distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.

Range is 1 to 255, default is 1.

Blackhole

set protocols static route <subnet> blackhole
Use this command to configure a “black-hole” route on the router. A black-hole route is a route for which the system silently discard packets that are matched. This prevents networks leaking out public interfaces, but it does not prevent them from being used as a more specific route inside your network.
set protocols static route <subnet> blackhole distance <distance>
Defines blackhole distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.
set protocols static route6 <subnet> blackhole
Use this command to configure a “black-hole” route on the router. A black-hole route is a route for which the system silently discard packets that are matched. This prevents networks leaking out public interfaces, but it does not prevent them from being used as a more specific route inside your network.
set protocols static route6 <subnet> blackhole distance <distance>
Defines blackhole distance for this route, routes with smaller administrative distance are elected prior those with a higher distance.

Alternate Routing Tables

Alternate routing tables are used with policy based routing.

TBD