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NPTv6

NPTv6 is a form of NAT for IPv6. It’s described in RFC 6296.

Usage

NPTv6 is very useful for IPv6 multihoming. It is also commonly used when the external IPv6 prefix is dynamic, as it prevents the need for renumbering of internal hosts when the extern prefix changes.

Let’s assume the following network configuration:

  • eth0 : LAN
  • eth1 : WAN1, with 2001:db8:e1::/48 routed towards it
  • eth2 : WAN2, with 2001:db8:e2::/48 routed towards it

Regarding LAN hosts addressing, why would you choose 2001:db8:e1::/48 over 2001:db8:e2::/48? What happens when you get a new provider with a different routed IPv6 subnet?

The solution here is to assign to your hosts ULAs and to prefix-translate their address to the right subnet when going through your router.

  • LAN Subnet : fc00:dead:beef::/48
  • WAN 1 Subnet : 2001:db8:e1::/48
  • WAN 2 Subnet : 2001:db8:e2::/48
  • eth0 addr : fc00:dead:beef::1/48
  • eth1 addr : 2001:db8:e1::1/48
  • eth2 addr : 2001:db8:e2::1/48

VyOS Support

NPTv6 support has been added in VyOS 1.2 (Crux) and is available through nat nptv6 configuration nodes.

set rule 10 source prefix 'fc00:dead:beef::/48'
set rule 10 outbound-interface 'eth1'
set rule 10 translation prefix '2001:db8:e1::/48'
set rule 20 source prefix 'fc00:dead:beef::/48'
set rule 20 outbound-interface 'eth2'
set rule 20 translation prefix '2001:db8:e2::/48'

Resulting in the following ip6tables rules:

Chain VYOS_DNPT_HOOK (1 references)
 pkts bytes target   prot opt in   out   source              destination
    0     0 NETMAP   all    eth1   any   anywhere            2001:db8:e1::/48  to:fc00:dead:beef::/48
    0     0 NETMAP   all    eth2   any   anywhere            2001:db8:e2::/48  to:fc00:dead:beef::/48
    0     0 RETURN   all    any    any   anywhere            anywhere
Chain VYOS_SNPT_HOOK (1 references)
 pkts bytes target   prot opt in   out   source              destination
    0     0 NETMAP   all    any    eth1  fc00:dead:beef::/48 anywhere          to:2001:db8:e1::/48
    0     0 NETMAP   all    any    eth2  fc00:dead:beef::/48 anywhere          to:2001:db8:e2::/48
    0     0 RETURN   all    any    any   anywhere            anywhere