Per default VyOSs has minimal syslog logging enabled which is stored and rotated locally. Errors will be always logged to a local file, which includes local7 error messages, emergency messages will be sent to the console, too.
To configure syslog, you need to switch into configuration mode.
Logging to serial console¶
The below would log all messages to
set system syslog console facility all level all
Use the [tab] function to display all facilities and levels which can be configured.
[email protected]# set system syslog console facility <TAB> Possible completions: > all All facilities excluding "mark" > auth Authentication and authorization > authpriv Non-system authorization > cron Cron daemon > daemon System daemons > kern Kernel > lpr Line printer spooler > mail Mail subsystem > mark Timestamp > news USENET subsystem > protocols depricated will be set to local7 > security depricated will be set to auth > syslog Authentication and authorization > user Application processes > uucp UUCP subsystem > local0 Local facility 0 > local1 Local facility 1 > local2 Local facility 2 > local3 Local facility 3 > local4 Local facility 4 > local5 Local facility 5 > local6 Local facility 6 > local7 Local facility 7 [email protected]# set system syslog console facility all level <TAB> Possible completions: emerg Emergency messages alert Urgent messages crit Critical messages err Error messages warning Warning messages notice Messages for further investigation info Informational messages debug Debug messages all Log everything
Logging to a custom file¶
Logging to a custom file, rotation size and the number of rotate files left on the system can be configured.
set system syslog file <FILENAME> facility <FACILITY> level <LEVEL> set system syslog file <FILENAME> archive file <NUMBER OF FILES> set system syslog file FILENAME archive size <FILESIZE>
The very same setting can be applied to the global configuration, to modify the defaults for the global logging.
Logging to a remote host¶
Logging to a remote host leaves the local logging configuration intact, it can be configured in parallel. You can log ro multiple hosts at the same time, using either TCP or UDP. The default is sending the messages via UDP.
set system syslog host 10.1.1.1 facility all level all <optional> set system syslog host 10.1.1.1 facility all protocol udp
set system syslog host 10.1.1.2 facility all level all set system syslog host 10.1.1.2 facility all protocol tcp
Logging to a local user account¶
If logging to a local useraccount is configured, all defined log messages are display on the console if the local user is logged in, if the user is not logged in, no messages are being displayed.
set system syslog user <LOCAL_USERNAME> facility <FACILITY> level <LEVEL>
Display log files on the console
[email protected]:~$ show log Possible completions: <Enter> Execute the current command all Show contents of all master log files authorization Show listing of authorization attempts cluster Show log for Cluster conntrack-sync Show log for Conntrack-sync dhcp Show log for Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP) directory Show listing of user-defined log files dns Show log for Domain Name Service (DNS) file Show contents of user-defined log file firewall Show log for Firewall https Show log for Https image Show logs from an image lldp Show log for Lldp nat Show log for Network Address Translation (NAT) openvpn Show log for Openvpn snmp Show log for Simple Network Monitoring Protocol (SNMP) tail Monitor last lines of messages file vpn Show log for Virtual Private Network (VPN) vrrp Show log for Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) webproxy Show log for Webproxy
Show contents of a log file in an image¶
Log messages from a specified image can be displayed on the console:
$ show log image <image name> $ show log image <image name> [all | authorization | directory | file <file name> | tail <lines>]
Details of allowed parameters:
|all||Display contents of all master log files of the specified image|
|authorization||Display all authorization attempts of the specified image|
|directory||Display list of all user-defined log files of the specified image|
|file <file name>||Display contents of a specified user-defined log file of the specified image|
|tail||Display last lines of the system log of the specified image|
|<lines>||Number of lines to be displayed, default 10|
When no options/parameters are used, the contents of the main syslog file are displayed.